Top 10 Most Common Sport Injuries

top-10-sports-injuriesTop 10 Most Common Sport Injuries

There are a plethora of injuries that can occur while playing  sports. Certain body parts are more prone to injury depending on the sport. Below are the top 10 most common sport injuries:

  1. Knee Injuries – About 55% of sports injuries are knee injuries and about a quarter of all problems treated by orthopedic surgeons are knee related. The knee is stabilized by tendons, muscles, and four important ligaments: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), and the Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL). The major types of Knee Injuries athletes face are:
  • MCL Sprain/Tear: which can occur when the outside of the knee joint is struck
  • ACL Sprain/Tear: which can occur when changing direction quickly, stopping suddenly, or landing when jumping
  • Bursitis: inflammation of the bursa
  • Patellar Tendinitis: inflammation of the patellar tendon
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: muscle weakness or softening of the cartilage under the kneecap.
  1. Shoulder Injuries – About 20% of sport injuries can be attributed to the shoulder, which includes sprains, dislocations, and strains. Most shoulder injuries are caused by overuse of the shoulder which loosens the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff houses tendons and muscles that surround the shoulder. Overhead movement in sports like tennis, baseball, swimming, weight lighting, basketball, and football are the most common culprits.
  2. Ankle Sprains – Ankle sprains are very common in sports that involve running, jumping, and cutting, such as football, basketball, track, baseball, tennis, soccer, hockey, and volleyball. Ankle sprains occur when you roll the ankle inward under the weight of the rest of the body and damage the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. Ankle Sprains are graded from level 1 to 3 depending on how severe the sprain.
  3. Tennis or Golf Elbow – About 7% of sport injuries can be attributed to tennis/golf elbow. Tennis/golf elbow consists of tendon degeneration in the elbow due to repetitive use of the elbow. Tennis elbow causes pain on the outside of the elbow, while golf elbow normally causes pain on the inside of the elbow. Tennis/golf elbow isn’t only limited to tennis and golf, it can be found in any sport where repetitive twisting and extension of the wrist against resistance is required.
  4. Strained Hamstring – The hamstring is a group of four muscles that are behind your thigh. These four muscles allow you to bend your knee. A strained hamstring occurs when one of these muscles get overloaded. Strained hamstrings are more common in basketball, football, soccer, and track.
  5. Groin Pull – A groin is also known as the inner thigh muscle, which helps pulls the legs together. A groin pull occurs in sports that require side motions, and jumping suddenly. Groin pulls are more frequent in soccer, basketball, football and hockey.
  6. Concussions – Concussions also known as traumatic brain injury occurs when there is a significant blow to the head. Concussions could result in loss of consciousness, nausea, difficulty concentrating, loss of balance, amnesia, disorientation, and other symptoms. Athletes involved in contact sports such as, boxing, football, hockey, and soccer are more susceptible to concussions.
  7. Achilles Tear/Tendonitis – The Achilles tendon is between the calf muscle and heel bone. It allows you to extend your foot and point your toes to the ground. Injury to you Achilles tendon normally occurs because of tendonitis which is when the tendon becomes swollen and painful. Risk to tear of the Achilles tendon by fast sudden movements, running, or jumping. Achilles tendonitis is more common in athletes that play these sports:
  • Running
  • Gymnastics
  • Dance
  • Football
  • Baseball/Softball
  • Basketball
  • Tennis
  • Volleyball

 

  1. Lower Back Problems – Bulging discs and back spasms are the most common back injuries most athletes endure. Bulging discs occur when weakened discs swell through a crevice in the spine by shifting out of their normal position. Back spasms can be the result of excessive strain on the muscles and ligaments in the lower back. Most sports related lower back injuries are related to improper stretching.
  2. Hip Flexor Strain – The hip flexor is collection of muscles located in the frontal part of the hip which assists in forward motion. Hip flexor strains can occur whenever someone moves their leg to kick or start to run. Sports that strain the hip flexor are martial arts, football, soccer, and hockey.

 

 

Posted in: Back Pain, Elbow Pain, Hip Pain, Knee Pain, Neck Pain, PRP treatments, Sports & Orthopedic Medicine